Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
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The lumbar spine is made up of 5 vertebrae. Together with the structures adjacent to the area, they ensure mobility and stability in this area, which is important for the human body. Through it the transmission of forces of the lower limbs to the torso takes place. In physical activities such as walking, running, the forces of meeting the support are transmitted upwards from the heel to the foot in the direction of the opposite shoulder, as the pattern of walking that nature has set for us suggests this. That is why the lumbar region is a common cause of suffering globally. Naturally, the modern way of life creates additional preconditions for the appearance of symptoms in the area such as: pain, burning, piercing, spasm, tingling and tingling. fatigue in the lower extremities. With age, degenerative processes begin, which make things worse.
The solution to the problem often lies in changing the patient’s motor habits, anti-inflammatory physiotherapy procedures and therapeutic gymnastics.
The cervical spine is made up of 7 vertebrae. It is characterized by great mobility and provides a variety of head movements. When we occupy a cushioning working position for a long and long time, degenerative and inflammatory changes occur in the vertebrae and adjacent tissues. Over time, they deepen and press daily, and physical activity is a provocateur of symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, headache, blackness, dizziness. They can be associated with various pathological problems such as disc prolapse, disc herniation, spondylosis, spondyloarthritis and others. Timely care is crucial for this fragile and delicate area of the human body.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic dystrophic disease of the joint. It starts with affecting the articular cartilage. With age, the protein components in cartilage tissue lose their properties. The water content increases and the cartilage gradually thins, losing its elasticity. Microcephaly appears in it. At the same time, ossification begins to form in the joints. The causes of osteoarthritis are various inflammatory processes, overweight, heavy loads.It is characterized by pain, swelling, stiffness, warming of the joints and leads to immobility, which exacerbates the problem. The most commonly affected are the supporting joints: the knee and hip, but the joints of the arms and spine can also be affected.
Condition after knee and hip arthroplasty
Endoprosthesis is a severe surgical intervention that is required after:
- long, prolonged arthrosis of the knee or hip joint;
- fracture of the femoral neck due to a fall;
- necrosis of the femoral neck.
The success of the surgical intervention is closely related to adequate rehabilitation care. It aims at maximum functional recovery of the affected motor segment.
They represent an abnormal displacement of the spine and a change in its natural S-shape. It can be shifted:
- in front – back direction. This is how the lordosis-kyphosis;
- changes are formed. in the lateral direction. This is how scoliosis is formed.
The displacements involve dysfunction of the adjacent soft tissues – muscles, ligaments and others. This leads to spasm in them. impaired tissue nutrition, pain and limited mobility. Distortions can also involve the chest, causing asymmetry of the ribs and a change in the respiratory capacity of the lungs. Spinal problems of this nature are often accompanied by pelvic instability and asymmetry, changes in the length of the lower limbs and flat feet.
Long-term treatment is required, mainly in corrective gymnastic.